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Brunswick (207) 725-4008

Foot Structure and Bunions

Tuesday, 20 September 2022 00:00

Research has indicated that the foot condition known as a bunion may be inherited. Furthermore, studies have shown the bunion itself has not developed because of genetic reasons, but the foot structure that contributed to it may be inherited. It is easy to notice the bony protrusion on the big toe’s side. Some people develop bunions if they have endured a traumatic foot injury, which may also contribute to changes in the foot structure. There may be existing medical conditions like arthritis, multiple sclerosis, or cerebral palsy that can lead to a bunion. A common reason why many patients develop bunions can be the type of shoes that are worn. High heels and shoes that do not have adequate room for the toes to move freely in may cause a bunion. This particular foot condition is considered to be a deformity, and it is suggested that you confer with a podiatrist who can guide you toward correct treatment methods.

If you are suffering from bunions, contact one of our podiatrists of Foot & Ankle Associates of Maine. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is a Bunion?

A bunion is formed of swollen tissue or an enlargement of boney growth, usually located at the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The swelling occurs due to the bones in the big toe shifting inward, which impacts the other toes of the foot. This causes the area around the base of the big toe to become inflamed and painful.

Why Do Bunions Form?

Genetics – Susceptibility to bunions are often hereditary

Stress on the feet – Poorly fitted and uncomfortable footwear that places stress on feet, such as heels, can worsen existing bunions

How Are Bunions Diagnosed?

Doctors often perform two tests – blood tests and x-rays – when trying to diagnose bunions, especially in the early stages of development. Blood tests help determine if the foot pain is being caused by something else, such as arthritis, while x-rays provide a clear picture of your bone structure to your doctor.

How Are Bunions Treated?

  • Refrain from wearing heels or similar shoes that cause discomfort
  • Select wider shoes that can provide more comfort and reduce pain
  • Anti-inflammatory and pain management drugs
  • Orthotics or foot inserts
  • Surgery

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Brunswick, ME  . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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